The frescoes in the Stanza d'Eliodoro were begun by Raphael in 1512 for Pope Julius II (r. 1503-13) and completed two years later for Pope Leo X (r. 1513-21). The overall theme is the miraculous protection bestowed by God on the Church.
The fresco which gives the room its name is the Expulsion of Heliodorus from the Temple of Jerusalem. The other three frescoes are the Mass at Bolsena, Liberation of St Peter and Pope Leo I Repulsing Attila.
The frescoes on the ceiling depict Jacob's Ladder, Moses Before the Burning Bush, the Pact Between God and Noah, and the Sacrifice of Isaac.
The Stanza d'Eliodoro was used as a chamber for private audiences with the pope.